The course explores the rhythmic and harmonic/melodic vocabulary in Afro-Cuban piano improvisation. Phrasing with the clave is a main focus of the course. Percussion instrument patterns are explored in-depth as they relate to the clave and influence the role of the piano. Percussion (quinto) solos are analyzed and compared to piano solos. Broad exposure to a variety of piano solos will reveal typical elements of the idiom.