In this course, students will expand on the practical and theoretical knowledge from EP-223 and EP-322 by building custom software instruments using Native Instruments Reaktor and Max. The focus will be on creating unique instruments that use subtractive, additive, FM, sampling, wavetable, and granular synthesis techniques. Students will take a modular approach in developing these instruments using software components that can be used in a variety of settings. The designs here will include synthesizers and tempo-based devices and may take advantage of the unique capabilities of various hardware controllers. Both Reaktor and Max instruments can be used as either standalone instruments or in a host DAW program.